-Decret / de 21 d’octubre: requisits mínims d’habitabilitat en els edificis d’ habitatges i de la cèdula d’habitabilitat. – Normativa Urbanística metropolitana. Decret / de 21 d’octubre: requisits mínims d’habitabilitat en els edificis d’ habitatges i de la cèdula d’habitabilitat. – Normativa Urbanística metropolitana. Cèdula d’habitabilitat Certificat energètic

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Log In Sign Up. In any case, some of these activities increased with the previous irregular situation and the previously mentioned moratorium influenced in a decisive way in the use of submerged and marginal occupations. Later on, in Septemberthe PP local and regional representatives visited the neighbourhoods with an UMP Euro-parliamentarian, previously notifying it to the mass media.

However, it is possible that, in the near future that situation changes: La Vanguardia, 28 of March [After the police raids] the presence of these precocious petty thieves in the city has plummeted [and] some victims, especially tourists, can breathe a sigh of relief.

La peor casa en el peor barrio.

In both cases the information used here represents a small part of a wider research whose main topics are housing, subsistence strategies mainly marginal economical activities and the uses of urban public spaces and mobility both at 2 local and transnational levels. Knowcking Down the Walls. She gabitabilitat for a greater control of frontiers and blamed the president of Spain for the conflict with Romanian roma in the third city of Catalonia: Therefore, texts about the Spanish gypsy population or about other populations’ migration processes included the majority ones have not been included, since both are much more numerous.

In habigabilitat case, neither the combination of these strategies of subsistence is the same in different moments, nor do they have the same grade of acceptance or social rejection. Some of the most decref ones were related with the Murgeni population.

Fronteras en la ciudad: In their own words: However, some precisions have to be made: As I will point out later, these figures also play a role in the political discourses about Roma settlements. On the other hand, other groups performing marginal activities such as Senegalese street sellers do not share the same negative imaginaries in media or the majority population even if their activities are also penalized.

Moreover, it strongly contributes to the creation habitabiitat a breeding ground for conflicts in concrete neighbourhoods, as well as to the concealment of the significant deficits of our welfare state. Therefore, even if I have some knowledge about the situation in other areas and some of my conclusions may also be valid for them there might be some differences between my perception and what happens in other concrete contexts of Spain.

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The neighbours complain about noises at night, increasing dirt cecret common spaces and more thefts. In any case, both the majority population and the political and media actors often tend to overestimate the presence of Romanian Roma people in Spain, even considering them as a majority among Romanian migrants.

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Mugak, 43 [Online] Accessible in: Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. In any case the number of Romanian Roma population increased quite significantly 6 in most of the Spanish main cities.

It refers to the small boats pateras used by migrants to cross Gibraltar strait or reach the Canary Islands, alluding to the high amount of persons concentrating in the really small space available in the boat. On the other hand, it is necessary to point out a reduced number of articles in specialized magazines and communications to scientific events.

In fact, the main factor related with this lowering and to some extent also in the increasing presence of overcrowded flats was the movement of part of the Roma population to UK due to the new legal framework, as I already mentioned.

For instance, most of the researches Peeters, ; Pajares, ; Vincle,point to this period as the moment in which the first families arrived in Barcelona and began to become visible in its public space. Unfortunately, this situation has now reverted to its status, as the Spanish Government recently reinstituted the 9 moratorium. That does not mean that there are not some individuals, groups or families that have moved to Spain for that reason, but at least in our research context it has not been massive or clearly visible.

What is a ‘cèdula’, and should I rent a flat without one? | The Barcelona Instruction Manual

Los retos de la diversidad. Official Journal of the European Union.

On the other hand, Romanian Roma population in this context is mainly composed by complete family units or couples with their children staying in Romania, and is not usually a migration of isolated families or people, but communitarian and quite linked with its kinship organization like Matrasp.

Moreover, the three examples above are also strongly influenced by the idea that there has been a clear evolution in the way this issue is constructed: Using words of Cottinop.

BOE, de 12 de enero de Essai sur le Racisme et ses Doubles.

The main consequence of this dynamic was, quite usually, the lack of a valid rental agreement, as well as higher prices, that combined with the low incomes of the Roma population and other 23 24 factors produced a significant presence of overcrowded flats.


In a first period that goes approximately up tothe Roma that arrive to the Spanish state do so looking for an acknowledgement as political refugees and constituting a pattern of dispersed families more than of concentration in certain areas.

Escala (element constructiu)

Again, certain ideas or discourses about mobility or nomadism may not always have a direct impact in management or concrete policies, but surely they are processes where culturalization plays a key role that support, strengthen or serve concrete interests, such as settlement control, evictions and the lack of integration policies.

First, it is important to point out that ethnicity is not a variable in Spanish official censuses, and therefore some data for instance the number of Romanian citizens registered in a certain territory do not allow estimations to be made. In this regard, I will focus in this third example in the way the PP —Partido Popular— main right-wing political party of Spain has been approaching the 27 subject of Roma migration in those municipalities in the last years.

It is also indispensable to mention that this biggest flexibility was related with residence, but not to the free circulation of Romanian workers: Contreras, Ana, et al.

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However, it is necessary to mention that there are segments of population which have strategies closer to the majority of the rest of Romanian population. Valencia, MarchAccessible in: Besides the limitations of space in this text, the main reason behind that decision is that their role in the construction of imaginaries about Roma migrants is, in my 15 habitabliitat, less visible and articulatedwhen compared with other European contexts such as France: As in many other groups heterogeneity is a dominant characteristic: Current Anthropology, 36, Of the 8 different places in which they settled down for some days or during monthstwo were overcrowded flats and the rest were improvised camps or abandoned buildings.

These dynamics are, therefore, strongly related to local political agendas, management and founding aspects maybe even more visible in the last years, due to the crisis decrefand the way politicians try to deal with them showing a specific image to the general population and the mass-media: